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Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) 2019

Nature views and landscape values in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Starheim Aure Martine Johanne

Titre : Nature views and landscape values in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Auteur : Starheim Aure Martine Johanne

Université de soutenance : Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Grade : Master in Geography 2019

Résumé
There are several stakeholders within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), each with individual nature views and landscape values. Tourists, the local Maasai people and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority have different perceptions of what “nature” is and which elements in the landscape make the NCA valuable. Which views and values are prioritized in the conservation management depend on the power of each stakeholder.The aim of this thesis has been to uncover different nature views and landscape values of the stakeholders in the NCA, and whose views and values are prioritized in the conservation management. These questions have been answered with data produced through a series of qualitative interviews with tourists, Maasai people and informants from the NCAA. Short interviews with tour guides and lodge managers have supplemented the data. In addition to interviewing, document analysis of official NCAA documents has been used. The data shows that the tourist informants and the NCAA have a view that nature should ideally be “unbridled” by human activity. Tourists also perceive nature as a “circle of life”. The Maasai informants view nature as a provider of resources, and they emphasize that nature is changing, both through climate change and development. Elements that were perceived as valuable in the landscape included the wildlife, the Maasai culture, the uniqueness of the area, the climate and the natural resources in the area, and the Ngorongoro Crater itself. The dominant narrative appears to be the views of the tourists and the NCAA that nature should be “unbridled” by human activity, as this leads to the destruction of nature. The economic advantage of tourism is an important reason why the tourist’s views are prioritized. The NCAA also have more power than the Maasai in negotiations, which leads to their views and values being prioritized in the conservation management.

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Page publiée le 26 mars 2020