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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 1996 → The diffusion of social forestry in semi-arid areas : a case-study of Kitui District, Kenya

University of East Anglia (1996)

The diffusion of social forestry in semi-arid areas : a case-study of Kitui District, Kenya

Kaudia, Alice Akinyi

Titre : The diffusion of social forestry in semi-arid areas : a case-study of Kitui District, Kenya.

Auteur : Kaudia, Alice Akinyi.

Université de soutenance : University of East Anglia

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) : 1996

Résumé
Resource poor small scale farmers are commonly target groups for rural development projects and social forestry is no exception. However the concept ’small scale farmers’ masks the heterogeneity of rural farmers. This heterogeneity has important implications for the diffusion of social forestry innovations.This research set out to identify the social and economic factors that influence the diffusion of social forestry innovations. The household was adopted as the unit of analysis. The goal and specific objectives of the research were pursued against a background of current discussions that are advocating reforms of institutional policies for social forestry research and extension. The advocated changes seek to increase levels of farmer participation in social forestry research and extension. This presumes that the participation of farmers in these processes will enhance the diffusion of social forestry innovations. However, in semi-arid areas the need to sustain livelihoods can undermine the adoption of technically profitable innovations.This research was based in the Central Division of Kitui District in Eastern Kenya. The research defined tree species and their cultivation as the social forestry innovations.The main findings of this research are :(i) that area of land owned does have important implications for the intensification of on-farm cultivation of trees as well as farmers’ adaptive strategies for meeting their needs for tree product deficiencies,(ii) that ownership of land in terms of social status of land owner seems to influence the types of trees that are grown by particular households.

Mots clés : Africa ; Rural development Forests and forestry

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