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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2018 → Drought Adaptation among Small-Scale Farmers in Swaziland Understanding Relationships with Capital, Cognition, and Wellbeing

University of Florida (2018)

Drought Adaptation among Small-Scale Farmers in Swaziland Understanding Relationships with Capital, Cognition, and Wellbeing

Bailey, Karen M

Titre : Drought Adaptation among Small-Scale Farmers in Swaziland Understanding Relationships with Capital, Cognition, and Wellbeing

Auteur : Bailey, Karen M

Université de soutenance : University of Florida

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2018

Résumé
Globally, people are increasingly impacted by the stresses of climate change. In response, people adapt in different ways to maintain their livelihoods and wellbeing. The aim of this research was to understand what alters the likelihood of a household successfully adapting to climate change. I propose a theoretical framework where adaptation is driven by ability to adapt and intention to adapt, and that adaptation can be a mechanism for improving wellbeing. To test this framework, we studied rural families engaged in small-scale farming in Swaziland who had recently experienced drought. I collected data on household ability to adapt (i.e. natural, social, financial, physical, and human capital), intention to adapt, (i.e. perceptions of risk, control, efficacy, and social norms), and wellbeing, (i.e. household nutrition). I found that successful adaptations to drought were most influenced by access to social capital and natural capital and that households with greater perceptions of risk, locus of control, and social norms were more likely to have successful adaptation. I also found that overall, adaptation behavior was positively associated with nutrition but that this relationship was stronger for more vulnerable households and specific types of adaptations. Our research highlights the importance of social capital and opportunities for structured social exchange in increasing adaptive capacity and resilience to global change. It also shows that psychological barriers to adaptation must be overcome to ensure adaptation to climate change. Finally, it emphasizes that not all adaptations yield positive impacts to well being. Adaptations should build upon local capital and empower decision-making to be sustainable and yield positive outcomes in the face of climate change

Présentation

Page publiée le 5 décembre 2019