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Al-Quds University (2015)

Ecotourism Destinations Evaluation Based on Developmental Indicators : Computational Model

Ikram Zuhair Najm Eddin Quttaineh

Titre : Ecotourism Destinations Evaluation Based on Developmental Indicators : Computational Model

Auteur : Ikram Zuhair Najm Eddin Quttaineh

Université de soutenance : Al-Quds University

Grade : Master in Sustainable Rural Development 2015

The purpose of study is to determine developmental indicators with which natural locations can be identified and evaluated for ecotourism. It also aimed at delivering a computational model that facilitates the indicators development and the evaluation of the destinations. The study took place in Palestine specifically the West Bank. It started in January 2014 and finished in June 2015. It adopted the descriptive method and was conducted through two rounds of the Delphi technique on a multidisciplinary panel team who formed the snowball and purposive samples. In both rounds, a high level of consensus existed among the respondents. At the end of the first round, the study attained a consensus on 5 fields and 11 criteria. At the second round, the study attained a consensus on 76 indicators, which include 34 indicators related to the environmental field, 6 to economical field, 22 to social field, 6 to managerial field and 8 to political field. The study concluded that the results are reliable to base on the ecotourism destinations evaluation, the feedback was one of the challenges of Delphi technique as many respondents abstain from assessing the experts proposed indicators, the detailed knowledge and experience of the experts were insufficient for assessing the indicators from the community perspective and there was deficiency in the holistic view of ecotourism as the experts came from different specializations. The study recommended to assess the indicators performance and feasibility by evaluating destinations already used for ecotourism, to spread ecotourism knowledge, unify its concepts and present its developmental feasibility, to develop web-based application according to the proposed computational model and to utilize the indicators in its current form as guidelines to evaluate destinations and develop tourism programs. For future work the study recommended to conduct a study for developing a unified scale measurement to manipulate the indicators parameters from the experts’ expertise in each field, to conduct a study that takes into consideration the perspective of tourists and the local communities for ecotourism and to update the results of this study by repeating it to adapt the changes due to the instability of the social, economical and political Palestinian situation. Moreover, as experience develops and accumulates by time, it is anticipated that the experts will have broader and more profound knowledge about the ecotourism in Palestine


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