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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2009)

The role of international NGOs ? : partnerships for the provision of water and sanitation services to low-income areas

Rusca, Maria

Titre : The role of international NGOs ? : partnerships for the provision of water and sanitation services to low-income areas

Auteur : Rusca, Maria.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé partiel
The poor performance of public water and sanitation utilities in many developingcountries has led to a strong consensus that conventional models of service delivery areinadequate to meet the challenge of providing services to the growing peri-urbanpopulation. Increasing attention has, therefore, shifted to alternative models to serveareas not adequately served by the formal utility. These alternative models usuallyencompass service provision by small-scale providers within a given service area. Insome cases, these alternative models are designed and supported by international andlocal NGOs. This study presents the research findings on the role of international NGOsin facilitating the supply of water and sanitation services to low-income areas. Inparticular, it analyses the approach of international NGOs to develop partnerships withlocal organisations and formal water utilities with the aim of improving services.Furthermore, the study tried to assess the effectiveness and viability of suchpartnerships and to draw guidelines for future implementation. The researchencompassed detailed analysis of two partnership agreements involving WaterAid inLilongwe, Malawi.The research found that these partnerships were beneficial to all partners, but did leadonly to modest service improvements. Communities cleared the arrears with the formalutility and much of the responsibility of supplying water to peri-urban areas wastransferred to the community, through the creation of community managed Water UsersAssociations. WaterAid has benefited from the technical expertise and from themandate of the Water Board for the extension of the network. Local NGOs have beensupported by WaterAid’s technical and economic assistance. The research, however,also concludes that some constraints undermine the sustainability of the servicesprovided. First of all, the partnership does not address existing weaknesses andinefficiency of the water utility and as such these reappeared in the implementedapproach

Sujets  : NGOs water utilities water services sanitation services low-income areas water user association partnerships

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Page publiée le 16 février 2020