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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2011)

Climate variability, vulnerability and adaptation in northern Ghana

Young Adjei, C.

Titre : Climate variability, vulnerability and adaptation in northern Ghana

Auteur : Young Adjei, C.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
Issues of reducing the vulnerability of people and countries to the impacts of climate variability are high on the international agenda. The literature gives the indication that the poor and most vulnerable would be impacted the most by climate variability as a result of the close dependence of their livelihoods on the natural resource base. Moreover, other stressors which aggravate society’s vulnerability to climate variability need to be taken into consideration in order to reduce the impacts of climatic risk. This study examines the livelihood and coping strategies of the vulnerable using the case of Northern Ghana, characterised by frequent climatic variability and extremes, and Ghanaian governmental policies to help the vulnerable deal with their challenges. The focus is on three communities (Apatanga, Adaboya and Balungu) in Northern Ghana. Five (5) research questions were formulated to help meet the objective of the research : 1) Which are the coping strategies adopted by the vulnerable in Northern Ghana in coping with the impacts of climate variability and how have they changed over the years ? 2) How does climate variability affect livelihood strategies of the vulnerable in Northern Ghana ? 3) How do government policies on climate help the vulnerable cope with climate variability ? 4) How do government policies on climate help in alleviating poverty of the vulnerable in Northern Ghana ? And 5) what conclusions could be drawn from Ghana’s experience that could contribute to the current state of global knowledge and policies relevant to the vulnerability of local communities to climate variability ? To answer the questions, literature on the vulnerability of rural populations to climate variability was reviewed. This was followed by a content analysis of Ghanaian governmental policies on climate, interviews with key informants and interviews with 45 households in the 3 communities. 6 focus group discussions were held (2) in each of the three communities. The data was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively using the Statistical Package for the Social Solutions Programme (SPSS). The study concluded that the government policies though on paper mentions strategies to lessen the vulnerability of the vulnerable population, their impacts are yet to be felt by the most vulnerable. It also conclude that there is the urgent need to put in place both structural and non structural interventions necessary to reduce the impacts of climatic variability on poor rural communities, such as, improved infrastructure in the area, community-based early warning systems and risk-transfer instruments such as index insurance successfully experimented in some African countries

Sujets  : climate variability adaptation livelihoods Ghana

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Page publiée le 15 février 2020