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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2011 → Impact of formalization of water users and use on access to water in Kenya : case of Likii river catchment, Upper Ewaso Ngiro north basin

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2011)

Impact of formalization of water users and use on access to water in Kenya : case of Likii river catchment, Upper Ewaso Ngiro north basin

Munyao, S.N.

Titre : Impact of formalization of water users and use on access to water in Kenya : case of Likii river catchment, Upper Ewaso Ngiro north basin

Auteur : Munyao, S.N.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
This research was conducted to understand the impact of formalization of water users and use on access to water by various groups of water users in Likii river catchment in Ewaso Ng’íro North Basin, Kenya. To collect both the secondary and primary data, detailed literature review and two and half month’s field work were conducted. The techniques used to get information from the respondents in the field were focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews. Focus group discussions were held with the Office Bearers(OBs) of Likii River Water User Association (RWUA) and four Water User Associations (WUAs), two upstream and two downstream of the river. Officials of the Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA) were also engaged in a focus group discussion. Semi-structured interviews were held with 34 individual water users, 11 in the upstream and 23 in the downstream. Two key informants were also interviewed. To ensure quality of data, triangulation was done by way of direct observation in the field and five follow up group discussions. In addition, records and documents from Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA) local office, Research institutions, Private agencies and the WUAs’ leaders were collected and scrutinized in order to enhance the understanding of the research results. Finally to understand the impact of formalization of water users and use on access to water by various groups of water users, the concepts of institutional bricolage, legal pluralism and participation were used to analyze social interactions between the groups. In order to assess the impact of formalization on access to water, water users were categorized into large scale water users and small scale water users segregated into WUA members, a group doing illegal pumping of water in the river and a group practicing rain-fed agriculture. The research found that : a) there was mismatch between some aspects of the water law and some local practices by some actors on the ground b) There was low level of participation by small scale water users (through WUAs) in the RWUA management committee dominated by the large scale water users, a situation which would put them at an advantage in terms of decision making as compared to the small scale water users. c) There was inequity or lack of improvement in access to water among the various categories of water users d) Large scale water users were likely to benefit more from formalization of water use than the other groups of water users. e) WUA members had limited access to water and had no opportunity to expand their irrigation areas in comparison to the large scale water users and the group doing illegal pumping.

Sujets  : water user association water use river basins Kenya

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Page publiée le 14 février 2020