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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2013 → Role of networking to support community involvement in addressing water issues and illegal logging : the case of Tuul river basin, Mongolia

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2013)

Role of networking to support community involvement in addressing water issues and illegal logging : the case of Tuul river basin, Mongolia

Baasandamba, E.

Titre : Role of networking to support community involvement in addressing water issues and illegal logging : the case of Tuul river basin, Mongolia

Auteur : Baasandamba, E.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
Networking, cooperation, and participation are one of the important tools in the globalized world to address environmental challenges. Nowadays, any activities cannot be done by a single organization or individuals due to common challenges or goals. Likewise, the city of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia has challenges of environmental, social, and economic character. One of environmental challenges is pollution of the Tuul River Basin, high demand of water and drought. These are driven by population growth and economic development. Population gathered in a small area with limited planning and management puts pressure to the ecosystem of the Tuul River Basin. For instance, large scale deforestation, and land degradation. These pressures are leading to pollution, desertification, floods, water shortage, and loss of biodiversity. The objective of the paper is to understand possible solutions for protecting the water resources of the Tuul River Basin through involving of local community in the network. The study is applies an actor analysis approach aimed at better understanding actor networks, perceptions, and resources. The study is supported by semi-structured interviews and focus group meetings with the main actors involved in the Tuul River Basin issues especially related to water and illegal logging. The main actors can be divided as government, non-government, and local community. Perceptions of the actors on involving the local community are basically agreed. Local communities are active and take initiative to protect their living environment. After they have organized themselves as a community andasked for protection measures it helped to protect the environment and decrease illegal logging. This can be seen as a result of the local community involvement. However, participation of local communities in the larger actor network including the government is not clear yet. Furthermore, the connectedness of the actorsis low whereas dependency on each other is higher.

Sujets  : water management river basins community participation case studies Mongolia

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Page publiée le 14 février 2020