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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2015 → Impact assessment of the market systems approach for revitalisation of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe : case study of Mutema irrigation scheme

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2015)

Impact assessment of the market systems approach for revitalisation of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe : case study of Mutema irrigation scheme

Masasi, B.

Titre : Impact assessment of the market systems approach for revitalisation of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe : case study of Mutema irrigation scheme

Auteur : Masasi, B.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé partiel
Smallholder irrigation schemes have undoubtedly played a very important role in bettering livelihoods of communities in the marginal and rural areas of Zimbabwe. However, the schemes have been plagued by numerous challenges, most of them being characterised by underperformance and low agricultural productivity. The challenges include infrastructural decline, shortage of water, lack of funding for operation and maintenance, lack of market access, and non-coping irrigation technologies. The government of Zimbabwe has carried out numerous rehabilitation programs to address and alleviate these problems, but still performance of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe has remained poor and has fallen short of expectations. This has triggered experts in the public, private and developmental sectors to have a relook at why there have been recurrent challenges in smallholder irrigation schemes in order to come up with effective and sustainable revitalisation approaches. This study aimed at assessing the impacts of the market systems approach in revitalisation of smallholder irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe. The market systems approach is hinged on four pillars which include skills and capacity development for the farmers, linking farmers to input and output markets, availing credit and financial facilities and availing of better and efficient irrigation and production systems. Mutema irrigation scheme was used as the case study in this research. The research adopted a ""before "" and ""after"" impact assessment approach to investigate the changes in the status of the scheme in terms of irrigation infrastructure, capacity development, willingness to pay irrigation fees by farmers, farmers’ livelihoods and farmers’ perceptions towards the market systems approach after revitalisation.Both qualitative and quantitative data were used for this research. Data collection methods included a questionnaire survey, key informant interviews and observations. Research results revealed that the infrastructural efficiency increased significantly after revitalisation as compared to before revitalisation. Infrastructural efficiency increased from 25% to 75%. Revitalisation of Mutema irrigation scheme also resulted in irrigation system modernisation where the existing overhead irrigation system was changed for the micro-jet irrigation system. This addressed the shortage of irrigation water in the scheme and also resulted in improvement of agricultural productivity. The revitalisation approach also saw an increase on the frequency of training of farmers in better agricultural practices and business skills and this increased their skills and knowledge capacity. Annual agricultural cash incomes for farmers also increased very significantly as a result of revitalisation

Sujets  : smallholder irrigation impact assessment irrigation schemes case studies Zimbabwe

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