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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2015)

Impacts of human activities on fisheries and tourism ecosystem services in Banias – Syria

Naffaa, S.

Titre : Impacts of human activities on fisheries and tourism ecosystem services in Banias – Syria

Auteur : Naffaa, S.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Banias is a coastal city belonging to Tartus province in the eastern region of Syria. It is a highly urbanized area and has many important industries besides it is an important touristic city. The conflict between the developments of these three sectors has led to many environmental problems. Consequently, it is identified as the most polluted city along the Syrian coastline that negatively affects human health, ecosystem and economy in a serious manner.The main objective of this study was to assess the impacts of human activities on fisheries and tourism in Banias and to suggest directions in order to improve the present status of these two coastal ecosystem services. Data on fisheries, tourism, population, water quality, economical activities and urbanization in Banias were collected. All results have been integrated in a DPSIR framework showing the drivers of change, pressures, and changes in the state, impacts and response by government. Indicators related to the five components of DPSIR framework were identified and prioritized based on qualitative and quantitative approaches. The results show that the anthropogenic driver forces at different levels including population growth, urbanization and industrial and tourism development are still increasing, which have triggered bigger pressures on fisheries and tourism leading to their reduction. On the other hand, the intensities of natural drivers (climate change) showed no noticeable change on fisheries and tourism. Therefore, it could be concluded that human activities have negative impacts on fisheries and tourism represented by their reduction. The responses to the current change in Banias coastal ecosystem functions need more deep consideration since their effectiveness is influenced directly by other responses. Accordingly, if the response by government did not take into considerations the main drivers and pressures, the reduction will continue and the situation will become worse. For more improvement to the present status of fisheries and tourism there is a need for more enforcement to the anti-pollution measures adapted in various strategies and action plans, accomplishment of the sewage wastewater treatment plant in Banias, application of cleaner production program in Banias oil refinery, adaptation of green hotels and restaurants, effective waste management strategies, increase the number of marine protected area, use natural gas instead of fuel in Banias thermal plant station, continued research and capacity buildings to support the adaptive measures.

Sujets  : fisheries tourism ecosystem services human impact government Syria


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