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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2015)

Towards inclusive decision-making process for sustainable development of small-scale irrigation systems : case study of three districts in Amhara region, Ethiopia

Tadesse, D.M. 

Titre : Towards inclusive decision-making process for sustainable development of small-scale irrigation systems : case study of three districts in Amhara region, Ethiopia

Auteur : Tadesse, D.M. 

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
The irrigation policy of Ethiopia emphasizes that development of Small-scale Irrigation (SSI) is essential for food self-sufficiency at household level. Further, community participation is widely recognized by policy makers, researchers and development agencies as being important for the sustainable development of SSI. The topic has also been a focus of much study. However, research is limited with regard to the specific question of ’how does decision-making process (with different levels of participation of farmers) at different steps of intervention (from planning to implementation on the ground) impacted the operational status and long-term sustainability of the SSI schemes ?’ This very specific question was the focus of this MSc research.The MSc research adopted a case-study approach and covered a total of 18 schemes in three woreda’s(districts) (Dangila, Fagita Lekoma and East Belesa) of Amhara region, Ethiopia. The development of nine schemes was demand-driven and was initiated by farmers who have experience in irrigated agriculture. The other nine schemes followed a supply-driven (government-driven) approach and were implemented by the government and handed to farmers with no prior experience in irrigation.The research employed qualitative and quantitative methods. Primary data tailored at the above question was collected through : desk study, focus group discussion with Water Users Associations (WUA), field visit and observation, formal and informal discussion with regional, zonal (provincial) and district irrigation experts. The data obtained was analyzed to generate the current decision-making process being followed for development of SSI schemes. The factors which determine the current operational status of the schemes were thoroughly evaluated. Then, the impact of development approaches on the operational aspects of the schemes was analyzed using independent samples t-test. Furthermore, the major problems associated with scheme failure were also identified.The results revealed that, in 16 out of the 18 schemes, there was very little participation of farmers indecision-making process in all the major steps leading to and including implementation of SSI schemes.Lack of participation has led to problems in physical infrastructure and high cost of operation and maintenance.

Sujets  : small-scale irrigation systems sustainable development decision making irrigation schemes case studies Ethiopia

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