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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2016 → Linking humanitarian and development WASH sectors in a protracted crisis – Case study : transition of WASH cluster in West Bank Palestine

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2016)

Linking humanitarian and development WASH sectors in a protracted crisis – Case study : transition of WASH cluster in West Bank Palestine

Cabrera Flamini, A.

Titre : Linking humanitarian and development WASH sectors in a protracted crisis – Case study : transition of WASH cluster in West Bank Palestine

Auteur : Cabrera Flamini, A.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2016

Résumé
The dynamic nature of protracted crises causes humanitarian aid and development cooperation interventions to overlap and face the challenge of reconciling differing objectives, funding mechanisms, strategic frameworks and technical approaches. As such, there is an expressed desire from global discussions to advance the link between humanitarian and development interventions in search of synergies and effective use of scarce resources. In Palestine, linking both sectors is even more complex considering the political and institutional limitations imposed on developmental activities in certain geographical areas, namely Area C in the West Bank. As an attempt to achieve better linkages between sectors, the leadership of the WASH Cluster was transitioned from UNICEF to the Palestinian Water Authority in December 2015, with aims to create a coordination platform, the NHWC, where humanitarian and development actors could collaborate and bridge the humanitarian and development gap. Currently, there is limited understanding on how humanitarian and development WASH sectors interact in a protracted crisis. Subsequently, there is scarce knowledge on how the handover of the WASH Sector coordination from a UN agency to a government entity can affect these processes. As such, this research aimed to (i) explain how and why humanitarian and development WASH sectors interact within a protracted crisis in Palestine, and (ii) identify the causes that have led to the transition of humanitarian WASH coordination from UNICEF to the Palestinian Water Authority in the West Bank, as well as project how this transition can affect linking both WASH sectors. To achieve this, a qualitative descriptive case study approach comprised of interviews with key stakeholder groups - Donors, Coordination Entities, and Implementing Agencies -, attendance to key meetings, and a review of academic and grey literature was performed. The findings of the research were (i) the historical and political context of Palestine defined how humanitarian and development sectors interact, (ii) formal linkages cannot be achieved in Area C ; however innovative approaches, different from those identified in global discussions, are implemented by stakeholders that broaden humanitarian activities to compensate for chronic underdevelopment, and (iii) Palestinian WASH coordination mechanisms, and the current WASH Cluster transition, are subject to historical, institutional, and organizational drivers ; as such, it is uncertain whether the transition can improve linking humanitarian and development sectors. These findings lead to (i) debate the applicability of global concepts versus the local realities, (ii) propose the Cluster transition as a political stance vis-à-vis the Occupation, and (iii) highlight the resourcefulness of local implementing agencies in grounding global debates by linking both WASH sectors through innovative approaches.

Sujets  : development projects human rights water sector sanitation sector Palestine

Présentation

Page publiée le 21 décembre 2019