Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 2003 → The suitability of earth-sheltered mass-housing in the hot-arid climates of the Middle East with emphasis on the State of Kuwait

Heriot-Watt University (2003)

The suitability of earth-sheltered mass-housing in the hot-arid climates of the Middle East with emphasis on the State of Kuwait

Al-Temeemi, Abdul-Salam Ali.

Titre : The suitability of earth-sheltered mass-housing in the hot-arid climates of the Middle East with emphasis on the State of Kuwait

Auteur : Al-Temeemi, Abdul-Salam Ali.

Université de soutenance : Heriot-Watt University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) : 2003

Résumé
In this thesis, the thermal and other benefits of earth-sheltered housing in a hot-arid country were investigated. A guideline for assessing the suitability of the earth-sheltered building concept was introduced for the hot-arid countries of the Middle East using the State of Kuwait as a case study. As part of applying the guideline, a survey to gauge public perception of earth-sheltered housing design was performed in Kuwait, revealing a favourable response. An earth-sheltered dwelling was specially designed and presented for this study, which is suitable for public mass-housing. The design addresses potential disadvantages associated with earth-sheltered houses, such as those related to natural light and eye contact with the outdoor environment. The design was simulated for solar penetration with satisfactory results. An undistributed, subsurface soil temperature profile was generated for Kuwait, which revealed moderate temperatures and a time lag compared with surface temperatures. A simulation technique was developed for estimating the thermal interaction between an earth-contact building envelope and soil, and showed a 47% reduction in annual heat transfer compared to an aboveground wall. A thorough thermal analysis of an earth-sheltered building was conducted to predict energy consumption for space conditioning in an earth-sheltered house in a hot-arid climate, which demonstrated a significant reduction in annual energy consumption. A study of initial construction costs revealed that earth-sheltered construction is in all probability less expensive to build than a similar sized conventional building in the Middle East. When operational costs are included, the earth-sheltered case is even more cost-effective.

Search Oxford Libraries On Line (SOLO)

Preview : ProQuest

Page publiée le 4 juin 2009, mise à jour le 7 novembre 2018