Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2019 → Development of Optimization Models for Regional Wastewater and Storm Water Systems with Application in the Jizan Region, Saudi Arabia

Arizona State University (ASU) 2019

Development of Optimization Models for Regional Wastewater and Storm Water Systems with Application in the Jizan Region, Saudi Arabia

Alfaisal, Faisal Mohammed

Titre : Development of Optimization Models for Regional Wastewater and Storm Water Systems with Application in the Jizan Region, Saudi Arabia

Auteur : Alfaisal, Faisal Mohammed

Université de soutenance : Arizona State University (ASU)

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2019

Résumé
Imagine you live in a place without any storm water or wastewater systems ! Wastewater and storm water systems are two of the most crucial systems for urban infrastructure. Water resources have become more limited and expensive in arid and semi-arid regions. According to the fourth World Water Development Report, over 80% of global wastewater is released into the environment without adequate treatment. Wastewater collection and treatment systems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) covers about 49% of urban areas ; about 25% of treated wastewater is used for landscape and crop irrigation (Ministry of Environment Water and Agriculture [MEWA], 2017). According to Guizani (2016), during each event of flooding, there are fatalities. In 2009, the most deadly flood occurred in Jeddah, KSA within more than 160 lives lost. As a consequence, KSA has set a goal to provide 100% sewage collection and treatment services to every city with a population above 5000 by 2025, where all treated wastewater will be used. This research explores several optimization models of planning and designing collection systems, such as regional wastewater and stormwater systems, in order to understand and overcome major performance-related disadvantages and high capital costs. The first model (M-1) was developed for planning regional wastewater system, considering minimum costs of location, type, and size sewer network and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The second model (M-2) was developed for designing a regional wastewater system, considering minimum hydraulic design costs, such as pump stations, commercial diameters, excavation costs, and WWTPs. Both models were applied to the Jizan region, KSA. The third model (M-3) was developed to solve layout and pipe design for storm water systems simultaneously. This model was applied to four different case scenarios, using two approaches for commercial diameters. The fourth model (M-4) was developed to solve the optimum pipe design of a storm sewer system for given layouts. However, M-4 was applied to a storm sewer network published in the literature. M-1, M-2, and M-3 were developed in the general algebraic modeling system (GAMS) program, which was formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) solver, while M-4 was formulated as a nonlinear programming (NLP) procedure.

Sujets : Water resources management / Optimization Models / Saudi Arabia / Stormwater Planning / Wastewater Management / Water Resource Planning

Présentation

Version intégrale (44,1 Mb)

Page publiée le 17 janvier 2020