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Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN) 2014

Manifestación de impacto ambiental de una planta procesadora de nopal en el Estado de México

Vázquez Samperio, Rosa Daniela

Titre : Manifestación de impacto ambiental de una planta procesadora de nopal en el Estado de México

Auteur : Vázquez Samperio, Rosa Daniela

Etablissement de soutenance : Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN)

Grade : Maestro en Ingeniería en Producción más Limpia 2014

Résumé partiel
In this work an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was performed for a processing nopal industry which will manufacture nopal marmalade and fiber, this industrial plant will be located in the town of San Martin of the Pyramids in the State of Mexico. To carry out the EIA, the requirements were taken from the Environment Ministry of the State of Mexico since the industrial plant will place in this region. In order to carry out the environmental impact assessment an industrial plant that will produce nopal marmalade and fiber was proposed because of the benefits to the health that this type of cactus brings. The environmental impact assessment involved different steps : chose the type of product, raw materials and technology ; financial assessment ; design of the equipment, selection of the site were industrial plant will place, description of the physical, biological and socio-cultural environment, among others, and finally the assessment of impacts that the project will generate and the mitigation of impacts. The methodology used for the identification of impacts was simple check list and the methodology used for the assessment of impacts was the interaction matrix (modified Leopold Matrix). The environmental impacts generated by the project were evaluated on the inert environment (land, water, air and soil), the biotic environment (flora and fauna) and socioeconomic factors generated in the activities for each of the stages of the project : selection site, construction, operation and maintenance

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