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LAP Lambert Academic Publishing (2019)

Livelihoods and the socioeconomic impact of human-wildlife conflicts The threats of wild animals on farming communities adjacent to protected areas, southeastern Zimbabwe

Patience Mhuriro-Mashapa

Titre : Livelihoods and the socioeconomic impact of human-wildlife conflicts The threats of wild animals on farming communities adjacent to protected areas, southeastern Zimbabwe

Auteurs  : Patience Mhuriro-Mashapa
Publisher  : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Date de parution : 2019-11-04
Pages : 100

Présentation
Human-wildlife conflicts (HWC) are a concern in southern Africa, where human-wildlife interface overlaps. The study objectives were to identify key problem wild animals, assessing the socioeconomic impact of HWC on agriculture-based livelihoods in communities adjacent to Save Valley Conservancy (SVC), southeastern Zimbabwe. Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires administered to randomly selected 300 households and 20 key informants. Elephants, buffaloes, and lions were key problem wild animals in southeastern Zimbabwe. Annual household economic costs due to HWC were enormous (USD18.61 to USD1 174.60). Significant factors influencing household’s willingness to pay for HWC management were education level of household head, household income, distance from SVC boundary and awareness of human-wildlife management (R2 = 0.245, p = 0.025). It was concluded the main HWC was in the form of damage inflicted by selected wild animals on agricultural crop and livestock, injure and/or death to human life, all these caused household economic losses. It was recommended that managing HWC should be part of the national conservation for the benefit of both wild animals and people.

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Page publiée le 1er mai 2020