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University of Ghana (2004)

Socio-Economic Evaluation of Animal Trypanosomosis Control in the Northern Region of Ghana

Zakaria, A.M

Titre : Socio-Economic Evaluation of Animal Trypanosomosis Control in the Northern Region of Ghana

Auteur : Zakaria, A.M

Université de soutenance : University of Ghana

Grade : MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY IN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 2004

Résumé
The Northern Region of Ghana is important agriculturally and contributes significantly to the livestock sub-sector. Livestock production in the region is, however, bedevilled with many constraints such as animal diseases and inadequate feed and water for livestock during the dry season. Among animal diseases, trypanosomosis is identified as the most important constraint and the sustainability of the control of tsetse, which is the main vector of this disease, is the focus of this study. Contingent Valuation (CV) techniques were used to generate estimates of farmers’ willingness to pay in cash or labour for tsetse control. With respect to the low trypanosomosis risk villages, only 1.1% of the 90 fanners declined to contribute some resources for tsetse control. In addition 4.4% and 23.3% pledged monetary and labour contribution respectively. Furthermore, 71.1% were willing to contribute both money and labour. The average proposed monetary contribution is between 7,062 and 15,000 Ghanaian cedis (US$0.78-1.70). In the high trypanosomosis risk villages, the proposed average monetary contribution is between 8,040 and 11,500 Ghanaian cedis (US$0.89-1.30). Only 1.7% of the 181 farmers declined to contribute while 7.7%, 34.8%, and 55.8% pledged monetary, labour and both labour and monetary contribution respectively. Factors affecting monetary contribution as identified by the simultaneous equations model include : household income, household farm size, and household expenditure on associations. Farmers in the high trypanosomosis risk villages are found to use more veterinary drugs than those in the low risk villages. Factors that influence the use of these drugs are household income, household cattle size and household size. Key policy recommendations from the study are : (1) Government and non-governmental organizations should assist communities in the study area with reliable sources of water to solve the perennial water problem, (2) The Veterinary Services Department should be adequately resourced to embark on a massive and comprehensive educational campaign to educate farmers on how to identify and handle simple livestock disease situations, the correct usage of animal drugs and the need to avoid bush fires, (3) A research should be conducted to find shrubs and trees that can stand the conditions of the study area to provide alternative feeding for animals in the dry season and (4) Government and other donor agencies should review their budgetary allocations to tsetse control to reflect the seriousness of trypanosomosis on both humans and livestock

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