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Ahmadu Bello University (2014)

FARMERS ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO DROUGHT IN KATSINA AND ITS ENVIRONS

SULEIMAN, Umar Bambale

Titre : FARMERS ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO DROUGHT IN KATSINA AND ITS ENVIRONS

Auteur : SULEIMAN, Umar Bambale

Université de soutenance : Ahmadu Bello University

Grade : MASTER IN GEOGRAPHY 2014

Résumé
This research examines farmers’ adaptation strategies to drought in Katsina and its environs. The objectives of the research are to characterize rainfall trend of the study area, to determine the intensity and years of occurrence of drought in the study area, to assess the awareness of farmers on drought issues, to examine the socio economic effects of drought in the study area, and identify the farmers adaptation strategies within the farming system of the study area. Rainfall data from 1971 to 2010 were sourced from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) Katsina air port. These data were used to characterize the rainfall trends for monthly and annual total, which are the determinants of cropping season. Statistical tools were used to achieve the above objectives. The 5-year running mean shows that below average rainfall was experienced from the early 1970s up to 2000. On the other hand, above average rainfall is being experienced from the year 2000 afterward. The result of changes in monthly rainfall revealed that there is a significant decrease in rainfall amount in the month of June, little change in the month of July and substantial increase in the months of August and September. The result of Normalized Rainfall Index shows that moderate to severe drought was experienced in 1970s to 1990s with the peak in 1984. The 13 years of all drought intensities occurrence represents about (32.50%) of study period (40years) for this station. However, the last decade (2000s) has been witnessing decreasing number of drought occurrences due to apparent increase in wet condition. A total of 385 questionnaires were administered to farmers whom were purposively sampled using Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) method from the sixteen (16) selected wards. The result also revealed that farmers awareness of the causes and effects of drought, extension services along with increasing wet condition are the factors that enhance adaptive capacity to drought in the study area. The main adaptation strategies to drought which the farmers employ include : planting drought resistant variety of crops (e.g. millet and sorghum), crossridging, irrigation practices, delay farm clearance, application of fertilizer/manure, planting of more trees in the farm. The study concludes that rainfall characteristics of the study area affects crop yield and that adaptation strategies have significant contribution on crops production in the study area. Based on the findings of the research, the study recommends that farmers should learn water harvesting techniques, promote dry planting and adopt drought resistant and early maturing varieties of crops. Government on the other hand, should develop small scale irrigation schemes, promote information delivery, and invest in soil and water conservation in the area

Mots clés : FARMERS, STRATEGIES, DROUGHT, KATSINA, ENVIRONS.

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