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Eastern Mediterranean University (2015)

Measuring the Potential for Ecological Citizenship among Famagusta Residents

Asilsoy, Buket

Titre : Measuring the Potential for Ecological Citizenship among Famagusta Residents

Auteur : Asilsoy, Buket

Université de soutenance : Eastern Mediterranean University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2015

Within sustainable urbanism debate, environmental attitudes and behaviours shaping everyday activities and practices of urban communities have been a focus area. All the related work of at least 25 years have introduced the term ‘ecological citizenship’ as the newly, emerging dimension of Ecological City. In this context, the academicia ns, policy makers and environmentalists seek to find the strategies and tools to make the behavioural change for the modern urban societies towards implementing ecologica l citizenship. In this context, this research focusing on the term ‘ecological citizenship’, tries to obtain information for understanding Famagusta inhabitants’ potential to embrace ecological citizenship as a way of living. Hence, besides seeking the most convenie nt solutions for the physical shortcomings of the Famagusta city with plans, legislat ions and so forth, accomplishing ecologically based, sustainable residents seems as a potentially crucial and significant requisite. Within this framework, firstly, the emergence of ecological citizenship has been evaluated, and then research problem and research objectives have been identified. Secondly modern environmentalism has been discussed and then Ecological City has been deliberated in its five known dimensions with the addition of ‘ecologica l citizenship’ as the fifth dimension after ‘sustainable urban form’, ‘sustainab le transportation’, ‘urban ecology and biodiversity’, and ‘energy use and waste management’. Thirdly, the literature in the field has been reviewed and environmenta l behaviour as the nucleus of ecological citizenship has been evaluated. iv Following the literature review, a survey study has been developed. In this vein, firstly Famagusta has been evaluated based on the dimensions of Ecological City and then the findings of the Famagusta Area Study (FAS) has been interpreted. Then, based on these, a survey research model has been developed. Within this framework, a user survey that seeks to obtain data about the level of existing environmental awareness and concern, ecocentric and anthropocentric attitudes and also about environmenta l behaviours has been prepared. The user survey, carried out with the help of the firm ‘The Management Centre of the Mediterranean’, involved four sections ; 165 inhabitants between 16 and 75 years old were randomly sampled within the territory of Famagusta municipality including all 16 quarters ; it was undertaken in a time period of seven weeks (10 April - 03 June 2013). Finally, the findings of the user survey have been presented, interpreted, and conclusions were drawn based on the study, considering the local environmental peculiarities of Famagusta, N. Cyprus. According to the findings of the research, Famagusta residents’ existing awareness and concern about environmental problems and issues, cannot achieve an adequate level in order to be one of the dynamics shaping their lifestyles. However, their environmental worldview is still at a medium level. Additionally, the survey findings indicate that environmentally based living will increase if the urban environment is improved in line with the requirements of sustainable urban environments.


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