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Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (2019)

Emergent Land Commodification and Intergenerational Land Relations in Northwestern Ghana

Mwingyine Tuonianuo Darius

Titre : Emergent Land Commodification and Intergenerational Land Relations in Northwestern Ghana

Auteur : Mwingyine Tuonianuo Darius

Université de soutenance : Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Grade : Doktorgrades (Dr. rer. nat.) 2019

In the developing world, especially in Africa, land is the main livelihood resource and a communal intergenerational asset. African land tenure has come under pressure due to growing land commodification, especially under global influences, and this has implications for secured livelihoods and family relations. Within the past two decades, peri-urban Wa has been experiencing growing land commodification as agricultural land is being converted for urban uses. This complex development is crucially driven by an interrelationship between the emerging land commodification and intergenerational relations within landowning families. The main objective of this research is to show how this societal transformation manifests itself in peri-urban Wa, and the influence on land commodification and intergenerational land relations within landowning families. The research was conducted using a case study of three peri-urban communities in the Wa municipality in Northwestern Ghana. In-depth, key informant and expert interviews, focus group discussions, observation and photography were used in collecting the empirical data. The key findings of the research are that the commodification of land produced both positive and negative impacts on intergenerational family relations. The positive impacts include the sharing of proceeds from land commodification, and active collaboration across generations in land transactions. Those foster trust, respect and intimacy between family members. Negative impacts are caused by the exclusion of some family members and a lack of transparency in conducting land transactions. Especially, returnee-migrants, orphans and women tend to be excluded from sharing proceeds. Those factors and general disputes about the reciprocity of support and dissenting views on particular land sales have generally weakened family cohesion and soured family relations. More positive family relations can be achieved, if inclusion, participation, transparency and accountability in the management of family land resources are taken more seriously.


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