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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2017)

The Water Crisis in the Greek Island Complex of the Cyclades : Diagnosis, Analysis, and Rectification

Papasozomenou, Ourania

Titre : The Water Crisis in the Greek Island Complex of the Cyclades : Diagnosis, Analysis, and Rectification

Auteur : Papasozomenou, Ourania

Université de soutenance : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Grade : Doctor rerum agriculturarum (Dr. rer. agr.) 2017

Résumé
This study aims at diagnosing the dysfunctional water sector of Tinos and Syros, islands in the Cyclades island complex of Greece. At present, these islands suffer from insufficient water quantity, combined with poor quality and high cost. The research problem addressed in this thesis is the apparent inability of centrally planned technical and administrative-reform solutions that have been promoted to rectify the problems. This work explores the reasons for the inability to rectify the water sector and aims to answer the overarching research question : Why is the water sector in the Cyclades still dysfunctional, despite the attempted solutions ? To explore these emergent questions related to policy making, I revisit existing legal rules and relations relevant to the context, viewed in parallel with aspects of human behaviour and transactions under the analytical lens classical institutional economics offers. The reasons for the water-supply dysfunction in the study islands are, thus, sought after in terms of transactions amongst actors, working rules regulating those transactions, and officials’ remedial power at all levels. Based on my analysis, I conclude that top-down structures and centrally planned policies have been hindering the meaningful change and rectification of the water sector and have, in fact, created and prolonged the dysfunction. Decentralising governance, granting local-level autonomy (institutional and financial) is a plausible way of rectifying the water sector, as local officials are knowledgeable about local conditions and feel liable to their fellow citizens, who would willingly cooperate with this level of government.

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