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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2018 → An actor-oriented approach to analyze post-harvest losses : reducing economic loss in pastoral sheep and goat supply chains from northern Kenya

University of Kassel (2018)

An actor-oriented approach to analyze post-harvest losses : reducing economic loss in pastoral sheep and goat supply chains from northern Kenya

Roba, Guyo Malicha

Titre : An actor-oriented approach to analyze post-harvest losses : reducing economic loss in pastoral sheep and goat supply chains from northern Kenya

Auteur : Roba, Guyo Malicha

Université de soutenance : University of Kassel

Grade : Doktor der Agrarwissenschaften (Dr. Agr.) 2018

Résumé partiel
Livestock production contributes an estimated 35-40% to the agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Kenya. The sale of small ruminants (sheep and goats) provides income for regular household needs and supports the livelihoods of up to 8 million pastoralists. Despite this significance, there is still limited understanding of how pastoral livestock supply chains function. In particular, information on supply chain actors, their activities and relationships is still scarce. Hence, limits the success of development projects to “link pastoralists to markets”. The overall aim of this study is to improve understanding of the operations and functions of small ruminant supply chains in northern Kenya, with a focus on traders’ perspectives on their : i) activities and relations ; ii) information needs and gaps and iii) economic performance. A mix of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. Data was collected interruptedly over a 12 months period between July 2014 and October 2016 in lower Laisamis sub-county in southern Marsabit. From July-August, 2015, focus group discussions with traders (6) and livestock producers (12) and field observations on 32 market days at different markets was done to identify and characterize the actors. Between, September and November 2015, semi-structured interviews were conducted with pastoral producers (15) and traders (25). This was followed by systematic recording of 84 transactions with long‐distance traders (59) and inter‐local market traders (25). The actor and activity analysis revealed the typologies of local traders and the different connections between trader categories. This facilitated understanding about the functioning of the supply chain. In addition, gaps in the activity links between different actors were identified which can be considered for improving supply chain coordination. Moreover, the social embeddedness of traders enabled them to buffer fluctuations in supply and demand. Focusing on local traders, specific information needs and gaps were identified. Particularly, the price and demand variability at the terminal market created high risks for traders. This explicates the need to strengthen relations of local traders to processors, wholesalers and meat exporters. Further, the calculation of the marketing costs and net-profits of traders showed that the long-distance traders i) had seven times higher marketing costs than inter-local market traders ; ii) experienced higher variations in net-profits than inter-local market traders ; iii) earned only half of the monthly income compared to inter-local market traders and iv) made a monthly income that hardly exceeds Kenya’s minimum wage.

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