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North-West University (2019)

Gendered approach toward Disaster Risk Reduction : case study of Chobe District, Botswana

Ngosi, V.J.

Titre : Gendered approach toward Disaster Risk Reduction : case study of Chobe District, Botswana

Auteur : Ngosi, V.J.

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : Masters of Science with Disaster Risk Science 2019

Résumé partiel
Available research shows an increase in the frequency and intensity of weather and climate-related hazards across the globe. This trend is leading to an increase in the occurrence of disasters and heightened disaster risk, threatening the lives and well-being of individuals, organisations and communities. Previous studies have indicated that the impact of disasters in terms of human and economic losses differs between men and women. Several studies have shown that women suffer disproportionately after disasters. Reasons include existing gender inequalities, socio-economic conditions, cultural beliefs and traditional practices that limit the influence and control women and girls have over decisions governing their lives, as well as their access to resources. The dissertation explores a gendered approach toward disaster risk reduction by embarking on a case study of Chobe district in Botswana. As such, the study examines factors that contribute to gendered vulnerability in Chobe district. In addition, theoretically, the study explores a global perspective of gender integration in disaster risk reduction in policy and in practice. Although the term gender includes the categories of men, women, and boys and girls and all the other genders (LGTBI), for the purpose of this dissertation, the focus is on the basic categories of men and women. The study followed a qualitative research design to conduct empirical investigation in the Chobe district of Botswana. There were a total number of 54 participants that were involved in the study, where 48% represented females and 52% were males. Using focus groups and semi-structured interviews the design allowed the researcher to collect data in Chobe district in a natural setting where people are experiencing the phenomenon under investigation. The data collected from the Chobe district were analysed and compared with literature to reach findings using flexible model.

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