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Durban University of Technology (DUT) 2019

Characterisation of Opuntia phenolic extracts and enzymatic modification of selected compunds

Aruwa, Christiana Eleojo

Titre : Characterisation of Opuntia phenolic extracts and enzymatic modification of selected compunds

Auteur : Aruwa, Christiana Eleojo

Université de soutenance : Durban University of Technology (DUT)

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) : Biotechnology 2019

Résumé partiel
Opuntia species are utilised as local medicinal interventions for chronic diseases and as food sources. The phytochemical profile varies within and across Opuntia species and has been related to differences in cultivar and geographical location. Macromolecular antioxidant (MA) fractions are also largely ignored from most conventional extractive processes compared to the well-known extractable polyphenol fractions. This study characterised subtropical spineless cladode, fruit pulp and peel extracts and selected phenolic compounds for enzymatic modification using a laccase from Trametes pubescens. MA extracts were also characterised in comparison with extractable fractions. The effects of drying methods and extraction solvent on extract yields and bioactivities were also studied. Extracts were assayed for phenolic content and antioxidant activities were determined using standard 2,2’-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2,-azinobis3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays. Antimicrobial activities and mode of antibacterial action were assessed against type-bacterial cultures. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were recorded for the extracts and compounds. Compound profiling was achieved using liquid chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-TOF/MS) in negative ionisation mode.

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