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University of Zululand (2013)

The assessment of the food security on the lives of the people at Manguzi

Gumede, Nonhlanhla Florence

Titre : The assessment of the food security on the lives of the people at Manguzi

Auteur : Gumede, Nonhlanhla Florence

Université de soutenance : University of Zululand

Grade : Master of Arts in Social Work 2013

Résumé
For many poor people globally, in particular in Sub-Saharan Africa, food security continues to be a challenge today. Ever rising poverty levels, an increase in the prevalence of the HIV/ AIDS pandemic, reduced rainfall accompanied by changing climatic patterns, environmental degradation, the complexities associated with urbanization, globalization as well as technology shift in the agricultural sector and capitalistic market economies all play a role in the food security crisis. This research has highlighted some of the factors that influence the food economy and related these to the household food security of poor rural dwellers. Achieving household food security for poor rural households requires an integrated approach in terms of poverty eradication as well as deliberate efforts with regards to food production and distribution within a framework of ecological integrity, with an aim of empowering the poor and ensuring that their household food security is guaranteed. The basic finding, and one which impacts directly on the household food security of residents of the Manguzi rural settlement, is that the majority of them consisted largely of households that depended on casual employment, and were therefore classified as poor. However, as a survival mechanism, some households with experience in agriculture from rural areas have resorted to home gardens, as well as initiated group gardens.

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