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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2017 → The profitability, feeding regimes and contribution of small-scale poultry production projects to rural household livelihood security in KwaMkhwanazi traditional ward, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

University of Zululand (2017)

The profitability, feeding regimes and contribution of small-scale poultry production projects to rural household livelihood security in KwaMkhwanazi traditional ward, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

Mhlongo, Simangele Rejoice

Titre : The profitability, feeding regimes and contribution of small-scale poultry production projects to rural household livelihood security in KwaMkhwanazi traditional ward, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

Auteur : Mhlongo, Simangele Rejoice

Université de soutenance : University of Zululand

Grade : Master of Science in Agriculture and Rural Development 2017

Résumé
Poverty is a common phenomenon amongst rural households in Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. Estimates have indicated KwaZulu-Natal as the most populous province in South Africa, containing about 21.0 % of the country’s population. The majority, more than half of the population in the KZN province resides in rural areas. Rural households are engaged in many livelihood strategies to alleviate poverty. Livelihood strategies used by rural households include community gardens, one home one garden, large stock, small stock and poultry production. The most prevalent livelihood strategy is poultry production since it needs less space and less growing time compared to large and small stock and income is generated over a short period. Poultry production is reported as important for income generation and poverty alleviation in many rural areas in Africa. The objectives of this study were to describe the socio economic status of households participating in the poultry production project, describe assets and resources available to households, describe livelihood strategies of participating households and to investigate profitability of small-scale poultry production projects. This study employed mixed methods i.e. The combination of qualitative and quantitative research designs, because they complement each other. The quantitative research design in this current study was composed comprised a survey and experiment. The survey was a situational analysis survey. The experiment was on- station broiler experimental research which compared broiler production in summer and winter. Documentary reviews were done to review existing data that relate to this study. The field of research was an ethnographic study which included observing and interviewing people in their natural setting by interacting with them to gain understanding of the social world. The data collection instruments for quantitative data were structured situation analysis survey interview schedule, broiler record cards for on- station experiments and for summer and winter data for individually -managed and group- managed broiler projects. The situational analysis of broiler production revealed that broiler production was indeed an important livelihood strategy in the study area. There were 17 group-managed broiler projects and 15 individually- managed broiler projects. The two groups of projects were further divided into different categories according to their production type as follows : raising day old chicks to marketing stage, buying matured chickens and selling them at higher price, raising day old chicks to marketing stage, and buying matured chickens and selling them at higher price

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