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University of Fort Hare (2015)

Socio-Economic Factors influencing Apiculture in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Luntulwandile Peter

Titre : Socio-Economic Factors influencing Apiculture in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Auteur : Luntulwandile Peter

Université de soutenance : University of Fort Hare

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural Economics 2015

Résumé
The aim of this study was to assess socio-economic factors influencing apiculture in the Eastern Cape Province. In addition, production costs and profitability of beekeeping were determined, and opportunities and challenges to beekeeping were identified. The data was generated from 58 individual interviews using pre-tested structured questionnaires and checklists. This was supplemented by secondary data collected from different published and unpublished sources. Gross margin analysis was employed to examine the income contribution of honey production to household income, and a Linear Regression Model was used to identify the determinants of honey production. Of the twelve variables included in the regression model, only six were found to be statistically significant. These were gender of the beekeeper, access to credit, availability of labour, price of honey, distance to the market, and number of bee colonies owned. On average, each beekeeper owned and operated 35 bee colonies, with an average production of 9 kg of honey per colony per annum ; the latter is well beyond a potential production of 35 kg per colony per annum. Beekeeping contributed an average of R12 231.80 per beekeeping household per annum. Except for the honey, no other bee products were produced and marketed. The beekeepers could access the market (retailers and consumers) readily and efficiently ; the latter having been determined through calculation and analysing marketing margins. The major constraints to production identified and prioritised by beekeepers in the study area were drought, pests and insects, the shortage of bee forage, and the lack of adequate beekeeping skills. Based on the study results, interventions required to raise the marketable supply of honey produce are recommended.

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