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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2014 → An evaluation of the effects of land tenure security in on-farm investment and on-farm productivity : a case of the smallholder farmers in the Amathole District of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

University of Fort Hare (2014)

An evaluation of the effects of land tenure security in on-farm investment and on-farm productivity : a case of the smallholder farmers in the Amathole District of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Zwelendaba, Vincent Vusumzi

Titre : An evaluation of the effects of land tenure security in on-farm investment and on-farm productivity : a case of the smallholder farmers in the Amathole District of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Auteur : Zwelendaba, Vincent Vusumzi

Université de soutenance : University of Fort Hare

Grade : Master of Agriculture (in Agricultural Economics) 2014

Résumé
Smallholder agriculture contributes to poverty alleviation through food price reduction and employment creation. Smallholder farmers have the potential of creating employment because they are labour-intensive. Most small holder farmers in the Amathole District practices dual farming system i.e. crops and livestock production. However these farmers are faced by a number of constraints amongst these are land tenure security, lack of capital, drought, diseases, lack of access to markets and production inputs. The objectives of this study were : to investigate land tenure security impact on-farm investment and on-farm productivity by the smallholder farmers ; to assess constraints encountered by the smallholder farmers, to identify factors influencing on-farm investment by the smallholder farmers and to identify factors influencing on-farm productivity by the smallholder farmers. Eighty smallholder farmers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentages) and regression analyses. Data was for coded and processed for analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results revealed that generally, the household demographic characteristics have an influence on the decision to investment in the farm thus on farm productivity. These included age, gender, marital status, educational level and household size of the smallholder farmers. However the findings revealed that smallholder farmers were not much concerned with the land tenure security of the land as they see themselves as owners of these lands. The reason being that they always had access to their land and there were no perceived tenure insecurity threats. The majority of the smallholder farmers were not worried that they might lose their land in the future as they felt that their land tenure was secured. Although, the majority of farmers had some sense of security they still preferred a freehold tenure system as form of land tenure security. This suggests that there was a sense of insecurity among some of the smallholder farmers caused by their current tenure forms. Majority (66%) of the farmers held their land under freehold whilst leasehold and communal hold farmers constituted 5 % and 29 % respectively. Even though majority had freehold tenure system, they could not use their land as collateral when required for funding from the lending institutions because the title deeds were not registered in their names but those of deceased family members. As a result the majority was constrained by lack of credit and had low income. Lack of cash suggests that the farmers have difficulties in purchasing farm inputs and making necessary improvements and investments in their lands

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