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University of South Africa (2016)

Economic contribution of backyard gardens in alleviating poverty in the rural communities of Bojanala Platinum district municipality, in North West Province, South Africa

Mokone, Neo William

Titre : Economic contribution of backyard gardens in alleviating poverty in the rural communities of Bojanala Platinum district municipality, in North West Province, South Africa

Auteur : Mokone, Neo William

Université de soutenance : University of South Africa

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Agriculture 2016

Résumé
Backyard gardens has been identified as one of the possible solutions to some of the issues surrounding poverty alleviation in the Bojanala Platinum District Municipality. The main objective of the study was to determine the economic contribution of backyard gardens in alleviation of poverty in rural communities of Bojanala Platinum District Municipality in the North West Province, South Africa. The study used purposive sampling for data collection from the study respondents which enabled the researcher to select a sample with experience and knowledge about the study variables. The questionnaire used as data collection instrument was pretested, validated and subjected to reliability test to improve the efficiency of the use of the questionnaire. The collected data was sorted, coded and analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 23.0 software. Frequency count and percentage were used to summarize the data into tables and graphs. The linear multiple regression model specification was employed to examine the demographic and socio-economic factors (predictors) that influence the generation of income from backyard gardens. Multinomial logistics regression model was also used to determine factors influencing the respondents’ objectives for the Backyard gardens, while the logit regression model was used to analyse determinants of the proportion of backyard land used for backyard farming by respondents/growers. The findings of the study are that : more females (68.2%) were involved in the study than males (31.8%) ; youth involved in the study were 27.7% ; the majority (60.4%) of respondents are in the age group of 41-70 years of age ; majority (69.5%) of respondents had matric education, 20.9% had tertiary education, and 3.6% had below matric education whilst 5.9% had no formal education ; most of respondents are unemployed (86.6%) ; 32.2% of respondents are dependent on pension as their source of income, 12.3% depend on grant, 15% depend on monthly salaries, 0.5% depend on investments, 2.3% depend on remittance, and 18.6% depend on piece jobs, whilst 19.1% reported other source of income ; majority (99%) of respondents reported that backyard garden contribute a significant proportion to both household income and food security, whilst 1.0% did not agree ; 40% of the respondents could not manage to farm the whole garden area, while 60% were able to farm the entire garden area ; the majority (70.9%) of respondents provide own solutions to their backyard garden challenges ; majority (53.7%) of respondents reported that extension officers never visited their gardens, whilst 46.3% had extension visits on weekly, monthly and quarterly bases ; 23.2% of the respondents created permanent employment while 34.1% of them created seasonal employment.

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