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University of South Africa (2015)

A scientific investigation of the immunomodulatory properties of an indigenous plant, Sutherlandia frutescens

Gonyela, Odwa

Titre : A scientific investigation of the immunomodulatory properties of an indigenous plant, Sutherlandia frutescens

Auteur : Gonyela, Odwa

Université de soutenance : University of South Africa

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Life sciences 2016

Résumé
Traditional medicines prepared from Sutherlandia frutescens are used to manage diseases including HIV and cancer. This study aimed at isolating and identifying biologically active compounds isolated from S. frutescens. Sutherlandia frutescens plants were collected in Petrusburg and Paarl. Powdered plant material was extracted using ethanol or water and their metabolite composition was compared using UPLC-MS. A novel cycloartane, an acetylated variant of this compound as well as a Sutherlandioside B triterpenoid was isolated and characterised using chromatographic and analytical techniques such as NMR and UPLC-MS. Preliminary biological studies were conducted to assess the activity of plant extracts on cell toxicity, herpes virus replication and cytokine expression. The results of this study suggest that aqueous extracts from S. frutescens do not appear to be cytotoxic or show anti-herpetic activity, but may activate the immune system by increasing expression of IL-6, IL-10 and TNFα. Further research should be conducted to confirm and optimise these results.

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