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Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner (2018)

EFFECT OF FEEDING DRUMSTICK (Moringa oleifera) LEAVES ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE IN KIDS OF SIROHI GOAT

PADMA MEEL

Titre : EFFECT OF FEEDING DRUMSTICK (Moringa oleifera) LEAVES ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE IN KIDS OF SIROHI GOAT

Auteur : PADMA MEEL

Université de soutenance : Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) - Livestock Production and Management 2018

Résumé
A 26 weeks study was carried out on forty Sirohi goat kids, who were randomly divided into five groups of eight in each group on the basis of age and uniform conformation to evaluate the effect of feeding Drumstick (Moringa oleifera) leaves on growth performance in Sirohi goat kids. Methi straw (Trigonella foenum-graecum) used as a roughage, commercially available readymade feed used as a concentrate feed and Moringa oleifera dry leaves used as a experimental feed for feeding of Sirohi goat kids. The group T1 offered 60 per cent roughage and 40 per cent commercially available readymade concentrate and in groups T2, T3, T4 and T5, the commercially available readymade concentrate replaced by Moringa oleifera leaves at 25 per cent, 50 per cent, 75 per cent and 100 per cent levels, respectively. During entire period of experiment, measured quantity of feed provided to each animal every morning and the left over weighted in next morning to assess daily consumption. The body weight, height, length and heart girth were measured individually at fortnightly intervals. The hemato-biochemical parameters were measured individually at the beginning, at 3 months and at 6 months of experiment. Results showed that the dry matter intakes and digestibility coefficient of DM, CP, NFE were significantly higher (P<0.05) in group ii T4. The digestibility coefficient of EE and CF were non-significant (P<0.05). The overall body weight changes, average daily body weight gain, body height, length and heart girth of goat kids were higher in group T4 followed by group T3, T5, T2 and T1. The feed efficiency was significantly higher (P<0.05) in group T4. RBC values were increase significantly (P<0.05) in T5 whereas WBC values non-significant (P<0.05) and hemoglobin and PCV values were also non-significant (P<0.05) among groups but improved by increasing levels of Moringa oleifera leaves in diet. The serum total protein and serum albumin levels were significantly increase (P<0.05) in T5 whereas serum globulin level improved and serum glucose level decreased by increasing levels of Moringa oleifera leaves in diet. The lowest feed cost per kg of live body weight gain and highest profit per kg of live body weight gain of goat kids was found in group T4 followed by T3, T5, T2 and T1. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that feeding of drumstick (Moringa oleifera) leaves replacing commercially available concentrate feed at all levels improved growth performance. The highest performance in term of intake, digestibility, body weight and average daily body weight gain, height, length and heart girth was obtained at 75% whereas, hemato-biochemical profile at 100% inclusion level. As moringa leaves are rich protein source, it can be used effectively as substitute for commercially available concentrate feed in the diet of growing goats.

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