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Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner (2017)

Study On Various Husbandry Practices And Marketing Pattern Of Pig Farming In Jaipur And Alwar District Of Rajasthan

Brijesh Nanda

Titre : Study On Various Husbandry Practices And Marketing Pattern Of Pig Farming In Jaipur And Alwar District Of Rajasthan

Auteur : Brijesh Nanda

Université de soutenance : Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner

Grade : Master of Veterinary Science (Livestock Production Mangement) 2017

Résumé
The study attempts to investigate the social status and husbandry practices of pig farmers in Jaipur and Alwar district of Rajasthan state, where 10 organized and 20 unorganized farms were selected. Population and production trend of pig husbandry in India and around the world reveled that pig population in India had consistently decreasing trend from 13.29 million (1997) to 10.29 million (2012) whereas world population showing increasing trend from 830.37 million to 969.89 million. Regarding socio-personal variable in present study it was shown that in organized sector maximum respondents (75%)were middle aged and had Graduate (80%) level of education whereas in unorganized sector maximum respondents (65%) were middle aged and illiterate (65%). Regarding housing practices the type of housing system was intensive (65%) in organized farm with single slope roof (70%) whereas in unorganized farm (100%) respondents had semi- intensive system with flat roof (100%). In feeding practices, stall feeding were practiced by (100%) respondents in organized farm whereas in unorganized farm (72.5%) respondents were followed the scavenging feeding practice. Regarding breeding practices in organized farm the breed of animals were crossbred (100%),twice farrowing in a year reported by (100%) respondents whereas in unorganized farm undescriptive breed was reared by (92.5%) respondents, twice farrowing in a year reported by (82.5%) respondents. Regarding healthcare practices, in organized farm deworming was irregular by (80%) respondents, the most prevalent diseases were diarrhea reported by (45%) respondents whereas in unorganized farm deworming was never done by (100%) respondents, the most prevalent disease was diarrhea reported by (77.5%) respondents.In organized farm the market weight of 100 kg recorded by (75%) respondents, the market age of 10 -12 month reported by maximum (80%) respondents, marketed through middleman and pig were mainly marketed in North eastern regions of India (55%) whereas in unorganized farm the market weight of 50 -60 kg and market age of 5-7 month were reported by (100%) respondents, and the main marketing area was local market. In the constraint analysis, among the housing factor, inadequate space requirement was ranked first. It was revealed that lack of knowledge of feeding balanced ration was the most important constraints in feeding factors. The Piggery sector has not come up well, despite of advantages, benefits and huge demand of pork in the country so suitable policies and training programme should be framed and conducted to educate and create awareness among the farmers.

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