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Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner (2017)

STUDY ON CONSERVATION OF RATHI CATTLE BY LIVESTOCK OWNERS IN BIKANER DISTRICT OF RAJASTHAN

Kamal Mohan

Titre : STUDY ON CONSERVATION OF RATHI CATTLE BY LIVESTOCK OWNERS IN BIKANER DISTRICT OF RAJASTHAN

Auteur : Kamal Mohan

Université de soutenance : Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner

Grade : Master of Veterinary Science 2017

Résumé partiel
The present investigation was coducted in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. Two tehsils Bikaner and Lunkaransar were selected. From each tehsil, four villages were selected randomly. Twenty Rathi cattle rearers from each of villages were selected thus making a sample of 160 Rathi cattle rearers. The study revealed that majority of Rathi cattle rearers (48.13 per cent) belonged to middle age group. About (85 percent) of the respondents in the study area were literate and around15 per cent were illiterate. Majority 81.25 per cent of the respondents had medium herd size and belonged to medium size family (48.76 per cent). Most (74.37 per cent) of the respondents had marginal land holding. Majority (75 per cent) of the respondents had integrated farming as their main occupation. Near about (36.88 per cent) of the respondents had low annual income (up to Rs. 50,000/-). Majority (94.38 per cent) of the respondents have high (above 5 years) experience in dairy farming. Majority (61.87 per cent) of the respondents had medium level of mass media exposure. Majority (70.62 per cent) of the respondents had medium level of extension contact. Results indicated that 26.25 per cent of the respondent had received training under ‘Centre for Conservation of Animal Biodiversity RAJUVAS’. 162 Results indicated that cattle were the most common (54.81 per cent) livestock kept in the study area, followed by buffaloes (23.02 per cent). Sheep and Goat accounted for 5.66 per cent and 16.04 per cent respectively. Results concluded that 59.38 per cent of the respondents got their cattle conceived by A.I method and about 62.50 per cent of the respondents inseminated/crossed their cattle at an early stage of heat. About 35.60 per cent of the respondents used purebred bull for service. About 68.12 per cent Rathi cattle keepers followed pregnancy diagnosis. Regarding feeding practices, most of the farmers followed group feeding and grazed in fallow/harvested field. All the respondents used to chop the dry fodder before feeding, while 43.75 per cent of the respondents chopped green fodder. A large number (81.25 per cent) of Rathi cattle keeper soaked concentrate mixture before feeding. A large (93.75 per cent) number of cattle keepers fed concentrate mixture to cattles in advance pregnancy. All the cattle keepers had kuccha floor in shed and 53.75 per cent kepts their cattles inside dwelling house.

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