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Universidade de Lisboa, (2018)

Bio vernacular design The relationship between critical regionalism and biomimicry to a Moroccan village

Martins-Mourão, Pedro Felgueiras dos Santos

Titre : Bio vernacular design The relationship between critical regionalism and biomimicry to a Moroccan village

Auteur : Martins-Mourão, Pedro Felgueiras dos Santos

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Lisboa,

Grade : Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura 2018

Résumé
For decades, Critical Regionalism has shown architects that mediation between universal culture and local culture can be the successor to a globalized society. However, something remains a miss, the connection to one’s location. Not so much in the historical sense, but more in the biological sense. Nature has taken approximately 3.8 billion years to figure out, what works and what is appropriate for its survival, yet we as humans, who value our superior intelligence and technology, seem to disregard Mother Nature’s power of synthesis. The strategy behind this project is about creating an urban aggregate within one of the harshest climates on earth, the Sahara. Thus proving that as nature can thrive in territories from where no life seems to emerge, so can man. By reinventing the desert dwelling, inspired by its ancient predecessors and nature, sustainable societies can rise and adapt to the ever-changing circumstances. A group of modular maghrebis home variants and typologies are, therefore created to respond to these chalenges, eventually taking focus on a specific dwelling to reveal its interior dynamics. Desertification has proven to be one of the deadliest forces threatening stable ecosystems due to climate change yet the development of these desert societies can promote a geoengineering initiative to reverse this effect as well as fight climate change entirely while promoting cooperation in interconnected communities from different bioclimatic realms.

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