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Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner (2014)

Livestock Management Practices Followed by Tribals in Banswara District of Rajasthan

MOHAN LAL YADAV

Titre : Livestock Management Practices Followed by Tribals in Banswara District of Rajasthan

Auteur : MOHAN LAL YADAV

Université de soutenance : Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner

Grade : Master of Veterinary Science (Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education) 2014

Résumé partiel
The present study has been conducted in purposively selected Banswara district of Rajasthan to understand the livestock management practices followed by tribals. A total of 120 tribal families were selected from 8 selected villages of 2 tehsils namely Bagidora and Kushalgarh. The quantitative and qualitative data were collected through interview schedule, discussion, observation and available secondary sources. The study revealed that majority of the repondents belonged to medium age group, medium level of family education status, medium size of family, nuclear family system, small farmer’s category, medium milk producers and had mixed type of houses, had family income ranged between Rs. 5001 to 10000/- per month, had animal husbandry, agriculture and labour as major occupation and owned combinations of livestock species thus dependent on them as their major source of family income. They were fed their animals always at home and used own farm produce feed and fodder. Majority of tribal families were providing concentrates regularly to their working bullock and cows and buffaloes during the period of pregnancy. In breeding practices, they preferred natural service over A.I. They were identifying heat in large ruminants through observing slimy discharge from vulva and “Doki” While, in small ruminants through bleating. With respect to housing, majority of the respondents were providing katcha shed to their animals during different seasons, were keeping altogether to their animals in shed and were offering feed to their animals on floor. Major source of water was village water tank and frequency of watering was twice in a day in different seasons. More than eighty per cent were milking their animal through Knuckling method. In calf rearing practices, majority of the respondents were feeding colostrum to new born calf.

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