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University of Khartoum (2008)

An Approach towards Sustainable Management of Umabdalla Natural Forest Reserve - Southern Kordofan State Sudan

Idris, Mohamed

Titre : An Approach towards Sustainable Management of Umabdalla Natural Forest Reserve - Southern Kordofan State Sudan

Auteur : Idris, Mohamed

Université de soutenance : University of Khartoum

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Forestry 2008

Résumé
The study aims at assessing state of biodiversity of the forest resources in the forest reserve and how these resources could be utilized to fulfill the diversity of local and urban needs. The study also, aims at adoption of conservational utilization of the forest and rehabilitation of degraded areas involving local communities’ in collaboration with the FNC. Data collected based on two inventories in 1998 and 2007. A systematic sampling carried out in both inventories using 1.25% sampling percent. Comparison between the results of the two inventories of 1998 and 2007 indicated that there is an increase in stocking density in the forest. The number of trees increased from 47 stems per hectare in 1998 to 77 per hectare in 2007. The study revealed that the alpha-biodiversity at Umabdalla forest reserve was equal to 53 tree species. Although some of the tree species like Boswillia papyrifera decreased in number, other species like Acacia senegal, Ziziphus spina-christi and Balanites aegyptiaca showed an increase as from 1998 to 2007. The four management units of the forest reserves, on which the forest organization is based, showed similarity in the values of alpha-biodiversity and that there are 26 tree species common to the four units. A social survey carried in 2007 targeted the local communities that have direct impacts on the forest reserve. Hundred families randomly selected from different villages and nomads groups for answering the questionnaire concerning their perceptions towards trees diversity, forests reservation and protection. The study indicated that most of the local people are depending x on non-wood forest products in their income generation and other uses, and they are willing to participate in forest conservation. The study recommended that high consideration should be given to reforestation to increase tree cover and diversity. To fulfill this objective, intensive forest extension recommended raising the knowledge of local people about tree planting and conservation. The study recommended that local people encouraged through their traditional leaders to contribute in forest reserve protection and rehabilitation by introducing agroforestry practices in poorly stocked areas in the forest using a high value tree species.

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