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University of Khartoum (2004)

Assessment of Agroforestry Extension in Areas Affected by Refugees. Case study ; Eastern Sudan

Balla, Burae

Titre : Assessment of Agroforestry Extension in Areas Affected by Refugees. Case study ; Eastern Sudan

Auteur : Balla, Burae

Université de soutenance : University of Khartoum

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2004

Résumé
Eastern Sudan has received massive waves of refugees fleeing from civil war and other natural calamities. The pressure exerted on the limited natural resources around the refugee’s camps and adjacent villages reflected in intensive removal of the natural vegetation. Recently, the Government of Sudan and UNHCR paid attention to the problems and sufferings of refugees and nationals living in the affected areas. Accordingly, some projects were formulated to deal with the problem for sake of promoting environment friendly activities. Three Sudanese villages and three refugees’ camps from Kassala and Dedarif States were selectedfor this study. The Broad objective of the research is to investigate the possibility of adoption of agroforestry interventions on sustainable basis for sake of mitigating irrational use of the natural resources. Two types of data were used in the research, namely ; primary and secondary data. The former was collected through interviewing and group discussion and the later was collected from reports and other documents. The main findings of the research are ; the extension staffs are well organized and they were successful in sensitizing and mobilizing the target groups beside the formation of contacts groups to enhance the adoption of the agroforestry extension. The activities introduced in the study area meet the needs of the target group. Two methods of extension is applied in the study area (home visits and meetings) with a satisfactory level of training. The main pitfalls of the project are ; lack of encouraging participation of the target group from the early stages of the project cycle, besides focusing in forestry extension with limited extension services in the agricultural fields.

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