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University of Khartoum (2005)

An Assessment of Management and Husbandry Practices in Some Dairy Farms in Khartoum State

Babiker Abdel - Razig Elnazeir

Titre : An Assessment of Management and Husbandry Practices in Some Dairy Farms in Khartoum State

Auteur : Babiker Abdel - Razig Elnazeir

Université de soutenance : University of Khartoum

Grade : Master of Science (MS) In Animal production 2005

Résumé partiel
An extensive investigation of herd size, herd structure, breed type, lactation performance, feeding policies, housing, disease preventive measures and management practices were carried out in some dairy farms in Khartoum state. The Data was collected from 100 dairy farms, randomly selected from different localities within the Khartoum state. Information pertinent to dairy management, husbandry practices and preventive measure practices were secured through an extensive questionnaire and direct interview with the farm owners. A descriptive statistical analysis of the data indicated the following : - The total number of cattle in the 100 herds surveyed was 9145 heads with an overall mean of 91.45 ± 107.43 head / herd. The breed used in these farms was 1oo % graded dairy cows of varying levels of exotic blood. The exact crossing percentage however was not identified because of lack of breeding records in the majority of the farms The Herd structure was as follow : the number of milking cows was 3462 cow (37.86 % of the total herd) with an overall mean of 34.62± 46.38 cows / herd. The dry cows comprised 7.14 %, Heifers 11.85 % and calves and bulls accounted for 33.15 % of the herd. The average daily milk production per cow was found to be 18.95 ± 5.99 lbs. The average price of lb milk was 54.7 ± 7.5 SD. The average lactation length was 269 .85 ± 18.97 days, while the average dry period was 42.84 ± 28.56 days

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