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University of Otago (2011)

Community-Based Groundwater Management in Andhra Pradesh, India

Hamilton, Shaun

Titre : Community-Based Groundwater Management in Andhra Pradesh, India

Auteur : Hamilton, Shaun

Université de soutenance : University of Otago

Grade : Masters of Planning 2011

Résumé partiel
Increasing concern surrounds groundwater management throughout South Asia. The Green Revolution that emanated from the 1960s intensified agricultural practices in India has led to the overexploitation of groundwater in many districts. The management of groundwater in these places is increasingly complex due to the many stakeholders that utilise a resource that is largely hidden from view. This complexity is further compounded when the various physical and social aspects surrounding groundwater are considered. Hydrogeological and climatic factors influence the availability, capacity and recharge of the groundwater, all of which can vary substantially over an area at various scales. Further, social aspects relating to access, equality and the power structures within the Indian context of this research all add further dimensions that need to be considered in the management of the groundwater resource. The southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh forms the focus for this study through which a community based approach to management is explored. The Andhra Pradesh Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (APFAMGS) project was investigated as a means through which insight into this community based approach was gained. The project aimed to demystify the science of groundwater management and disseminate knowledge to farmers surrounding sustainable agricultural practices in drought prone areas of Andhra Pradesh. Utilising both qualitative and quantitative research approaches the project was investigated over three such districts involving four NGOs and approximately 140 farmers.

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