Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Kenya → 2017 → On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization and Consumer Preference of Indigenous Sheep Type as an Input for Designing Community Based Breeding Program in Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Haramaya University (2017)

On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization and Consumer Preference of Indigenous Sheep Type as an Input for Designing Community Based Breeding Program in Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Kenfo, K.

Titre : On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization and Consumer Preference of Indigenous Sheep Type as an Input for Designing Community Based Breeding Program in Bensa Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Auteur : Kenfo, K.

Université de soutenance : Haramaya University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2017

Résumé partiel
The study was carried out in Bensa district of Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia. Agroecologically the study sites were classified into highland and mid-altitude. The objective of the study was to phenotypically characterize indigenous sheep type with respect to physical linear traits and consumer preference. A total of 128 households from four kebeles were selected purposively based on sheep population and production potential, and accessibility for characterization of production system. A total of 574 sheep were sampled for phenotypic characterization. The Sampled sheep were classified by sex in to two (female, male) and by dentition in to four (0PPI, 1PPI, 2PPI, 3PPI) groups. Both qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed using SAS versions 9.1.3 (2008). The result showed that most of the household heads were male (92.75%) and mixed crop-livestock system was the dominant production system. Among the livestock species, sheep accounted for the largest proportion across the two agro ecologies and the average sheep flock size was 4.6±.33 in highland and 4.3±.213 in mid-altitude. The primary reason of keeping sheep was for cash income and saving across the two agro ecologies. The major feed resources for sheep during the wet and dry seasons were natural pasture and crop residues across the two agro-ecologies. Rivers and spring water were the main water source for sheep in the study area. Castration was not common practice by the keepers in the study area. Docking the fat fail of ewe lambs is a common practice in the highland. Farmers in the study area mainly practice natural and uncontrolled mating systems. Selection was practiced both for male and female. Growth rate, appearance and color were the most frequently reported traits in selecting breeding rams across the two agro ecologies. Twining ability, appearance, color and lamb growth were reported as traits given due emphasis in choosing future breeding ewes across the two agro ecologies. Feed shortages, disease, parasite prevalence and market were the major sheep production constraints in Bensa district. There are four towns where sheep was marketed in addition to many villages that were used as primary market outlets for sheep

Présentation (CGSpace)

Version intégrale (2,3 Mb)

Page publiée le 1er mai 2020