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Universidade do Algarve (2017)

Sustainable tourism development in Cape Verde Islands : antecedents and consequences

Ribeiro, Manuel Alector dos Santos

Titre : Sustainable tourism development in Cape Verde Islands : antecedents and consequences

Auteur : Ribeiro, Manuel Alector dos Santos

Université de soutenance : Universidade do Algarve

Grade : Doutoramento, Turismo, 2017

Résumé
Research on resident attitudes and support for tourism development and sustainability and tourists’ satisfaction and destination loyalty formation are among the most well-researched and important topics within tourism research literature. This study sought to contribute to these fields of research in three specific ways. First, this study developed and validated a maximum parsimonious version of sustainable tourism attitude scale (SUS-TAS) through the first- and second-orders confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), confirming that SUS-TAS can be loaded in two broader dimensions named ‘perceived tourism impacts’ and ‘expected tourism sustainability’. Also, it was found that these two SUS-TAS dimensions resulted from the second-order factor model predict ‘residents’ support for sustainable tourism development’. The study concluded that the maximum parsimonious version of SUS-TAS can be both interpreted by seven individuals factors and/or as a global factor as indicated by the hierarchical measurement model and predictive validity. The second contribution of the study starts from taking the previously economic (i.e. the state of the local economy and perceived personal economic benefits from tourism) and non-economic (i.e. residents welcoming tourists) scales and integrates them as predictors of attitudes to the impacts and pro-tourism development behaviour. The results found that all the three independent variables (e.g. the state of the local economy, perceived personal economic benefits and residents welcoming tourists) had significant relationships with the attitudes to the positive and negative impacts of tourism. Similarly, the residents’ positive and negative attitudes towards tourism were found to influence pro-tourism development behaviour. Likewise, the state of the local economy and residents’ perceived personal economic benefits from tourism were the only constructs that directly influence residents’ pro-tourism development behaviour while the relationship between residents degree of welcoming tourists and residents’ pro-tourism behaviour was mediated by residents’ positive attitudes to tourism only. For the both above mentioned studies, the data collection was carried out in the islands of Boa Vista and Sal in Cape Verde. A questionnaire was applied to 418 residents in these two islands and the quota sampling approach was used with the sample distributed in proportion to the population’s distribution in these two islands, by gender and age group

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