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University of Mohaghegh Ardabili (2017)

Study And Archaeological Survey Cities of Jundishapur And Ivan Karkheh

Saeidpour, Mohammad

Titre : Study And Archaeological Survey Cities of Jundishapur And Ivan Karkheh

مطالعه و بررسی باستان¬شناختی شهرهای جندی شاپور و ایوان کرخه

Auteur : Saeidpour, Mohammad

Université de soutenance : University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2017

Résumé
Ivan Karkheh is one of the towns with a rectangular plan, which was built in the north of Khuzestan along the Karkheh River, during the Shapur II Sassanid era. Due to problems between Iran and Rome at the time of Constantine, the Christians in the city of Susa were accused of complicity with Rome and rebelled against Shapur II, and according to historians, Shapur would inevitably squash the city with four hundred warriors elephant and, He does not grow up, he creates another city next to it, Iranshahr Shapur. Ancestral field studies of Ivan Karkheh, which has four hundred hectares, has been carried out with the provision of aerial photographs, mapping, networking and systematic sampling of fifty-three networks. Indicator samples, after design and typology, and Comparative comparisons were categorized according to the periods of time. The comparison results of the pottery indicate the continuation of the establishment from the Parthian period to the Sassanid and early Islamic periods. Ivan Karkheh has fortress, Countryside and township, and the water consumed by the city is built on the Karkhe River, twelve kilometers north of the city and the construction of aqueduct, which shows the progress of the Sasanians in the water supply system. Jundishapur is one of the rectangular planes built in the south of Dezful, at the time of Shapur I Sassanid, and is based on historic texts, designed to accommodate Roman prisoners. In ancient historical studies, forty-one ancient hills were identified and recorded. The cognitive results of the index samples, a comparative study with the Sassanid periodical sources, chahenography, and recognition of the period of the establishment of this city, made it clear that settling from Sassanian to the late Islamic centuries persisted. The water is consumed in the city from the Mansour Black Market and the burrow Jundishapur Bridge, which is located at the northern corner of the city. Due to the decrease in water in the summer, the aqueduct is located fifteen kilometers from the Dez River and also for the purpose of adjusting and increasing the water level of the Jandhi Shapour Bridge Bridge at a distance of two hundred meters south of the aqueduct

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