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Hokkaido University (2014)

The Reality of Public Participation in Water Management : Case Study of Jordan and Singapore

AL-Najar, Faten Othman

Titre : The Reality of Public Participation in Water Management : Case Study of Jordan and Singapore

Auteur : AL-Najar, Faten Othman

Université de soutenance : Hokkaido University

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2014

Résumé partiel
This study aims to explore the presence of applying public participation practices in water management context in two case studies ; Jordan and Singapore. It uses grounded theory methodology to understand how the concept of public participation is perceived by different stakeholders and how it is affecting the currently applied participation practices in both case studies. The data used in this study was collected through conducting several face-to-face interviews with several key water experts and specialists working in the water sector in both cases including experts working for governmental and nongovernmental institutions, as well as interviewing experts working in two water projects that applies public participation the Water Users Association in the Jordan Valley and the Highland Water Forum for the case of Jordan. The findings of the first case showed that there is a distinct difference in the perception of public participation between two groups ; the “officials” and “non-officials” which in turn has influenced other aspects of participation mainly the objectives and preferred type of participation, justification for implementing the participation and the characterization of currently applied participation practices. The results also showed that the two groups have contrasting opinions in their perception of the actual implementation of public participation compared with their desired definition of public participation. It was also found that Jordan has a unique water management structure in which international funding agencies play a major role and the interaction between officials and funding agencies influences the way water is managed and consequently influences the implementation of public participation in water projects. When it comes to the two projects that apply public participation in Jordan we found that the “officials” and “non-officials” have expressed different opinions regarding the place of public participation in water projects which was influenced by their understanding of “meaning of public participation”. The difference was also observed in the findings of the interview on actual projects regarding the involvement of the stakeholders in both projects especially in the planning stage. On the contrary, the results from the case of Singapore showed that interviewees have agreed on or shared almost similar view points on most of the key categories with two categories having most of the influence over the rest of the categories namely the meaning of public participation and the management structure.

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