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Hokkaido University (2019)

A geographical study of farmers’ adaptations to climate change in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Ullah Wahid

Titre : A geographical study of farmers’ adaptations to climate change in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Auteur : Ullah Wahid

Université de soutenance : Hokkaido University

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2019

Résumé partiel
Climate Change is probably one of the most threatening issues of the current century to all nations across the world. This is because of its severe negative impacts observed world-wide especially in the developing world. Pakistan is not an exception to this and in-fact is ranked among the top ten nations hard-hit by the vagaries of climate change and has experienced these effects dramatically over recent years through devastating floods, severe droughts, and catastrophic heat waves. This situation is exacerbated by internal security issues in the country, population bulge, growing energy gap, issues with education and healthcare systems, and increasing unemployment. Therefore, for Pakistan to address these challenges, a comprehensive approach is needed to better respond to it. Moreover, climate change has already enormously affected many sectors of life including agriculture in Pakistan. Hence, it is the need of time to explore the challenges and opportunities to farmers (who in most cases are among the poorest of the poor) to adapt to climatic changes. In this perspective, this study is focused on socio-economic aspects of the farm households’ and tried to integrate the science of climate change and seeks impact response model which has been rarely discussed in Pakistan. More specifically, the study explores rural farmers’ understanding and perception of risks, vulnerabilities associated with climate change as well as the coping and adaptation strategies they are adopting to minimize impacts of climate change in rural Pakistan at the agricultural farms. Information was collected utilizing structured and semi-structured questionnaires designed for household surveys, key informant interviews a group discussion in the Charsadda district located in the low lands of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Among others, primary information gathered included ; demographic information, assets for livelihood, indigenous farming techniques, agricultural production, agricultural seasonal calendar, damages caused by climate induced disasters, perceptions about risks associated with climate change, vulnerability towards climate change and responsive measures taken to minimize impacts of climate change. In addition, both primary and secondary data were gathered from national and provincial level intuitions like Center for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDPM), University of Peshawar, Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD), National and Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (NDMA, PDMA). Key informant interviews were arranged with officials of the above-mentioned organizations to better understand how climate change is dealt with at government level, it’s financing mechanism, disaster risk reduction facilities, and its disbursing methods, collaborations among institutions at all governance levels i.e. national to local level. Moreover, how early warning systems have been set up to promote security at the village level especially of those involved in farming. Other related information needed for this study were downloaded from google scholar using keywords, agriculture, climate change, adaptation, vulnerability, risk perceptions, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan etc.

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Page publiée le 26 avril 2020