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Tokyo University (2016)

Design Method for Contemporary Neighborhood and Architecture in Saudi Arabian Society and Environment

Maddah Rahif Abdulqader H

Titre : Design Method for Contemporary Neighborhood and Architecture in Saudi Arabian Society and Environment

Auteur : Maddah Rahif Abdulqader H

Université de soutenance : Tokyo University

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2016

Résumé partiel
The research highlights the issues of planned neighborhoods in Saudi Arabia. Nowadays, in the urbanization process, planned neighborhoods in Saudi Arabia are sprawling rapidly in parallel with decreasing the informal settlements that were grown as a result of lacking of a city structure plans. It this research we hypothesized that the unsuitability and unreality of residential building design standards, street related standards, and open spaces related standards to the Saudi Arabian society and environment have resulted decreasing the usage of open spaces in planned neighborhoods. In addition, a low population density in villa type neighborhoods that was set up via city structure plan, and residential lot minimum area standards were the main factors behind housing shortage the city has been experiencing. If the growth and expand of planned neighborhood would continue without taken into consideration the spatial factors, open spaces user’s activities factors, and economic factor, more unneeded open spaces and increasing in housing shortage would be practiced in the future. Based on that, three sub-hypotheses are developed. 1) The conflict between the life style and residential building standards, and street related standards have created an adverse effect on the walkability of in planned neighborhoods. 2) The minimum standards for the villa type lot is the primary factors in nowadays housing shortage crisis. 3) The WHO recommendation area for parks per person is unsuitable for Saudi Arabian society and environment. Based on that, the research aims to clarify a design method for contemporary neighborhood and architecture that suitable and fits to Saudi Arabian society and environment. To achieve this aim, the dissertation has four main objectives : 1) To make arrangement for the population growth of the regions and governorates, administrative division, the concentration of population in important governorates, characteristic of residential areas and housing in Saudi Arabia, population growth and urbanization for important cities in Saudi Arabia (chapter two) ; 2) To make arrangement for historical transition, chronological urban growth, housing shortage and future demand of Jeddah City. Afterword, make arrangement for the transition of 1) residential areas related standards, 2) open spaces related standards, 3) decision making flow, 4) structure plans, and 5) urbanized area (chapter two) ; 3) To make spatial configuration arrangements in design standards and open spaces, including streets in planned neighborhoods. Define the combinations of patterns in the spatial configuration of streets and residential buildings. Clarify street use characteristics based on the spatial configuration patterns ; identify issues for existing streets ; and suggest future neighborhood planning issues for Jeddah City (Chapter Three) ; 4) To clarify the pattern of open spaces in planned neighborhoods, frequency of use, user’s activities through whole year (Chapter four) ; 5) To clarify the trend and diversification of villa type neighborhood in Jeddah city, housing shortage problem and related factors, population density in residential districts, villa type neighborhood patterns and methods to decrease the vacant lots in these neighborhoods (Chapter Five).

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