Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Italie → Assessing vulnerability of urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture (UPA) projects in Morocco - a focus on organic initiatives

Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB) 2018

Assessing vulnerability of urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture (UPA) projects in Morocco - a focus on organic initiatives

Sabrane, Fatima Zohra

Titre : Assessing vulnerability of urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture (UPA) projects in Morocco - a focus on organic initiatives

Auteur : Sabrane, Fatima Zohra

Etablissement de soutenance : Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB)

Grade : Master of science : Mediterranean organic agriculture 2018

Résumé
Urban and Peri-urban agriculture (UPA) is as old as imperial cities in Morocco. Today, UPA is threatened in Morocco by different pressures and neither acknowledged nor supported by the authorities. The literature reveals that multiple synergies may exist between UPA and organic agriculture (OA) concepts and practices. The aim of the present work was to (i) investigate the origin and degree of vulnerability of UPA projects by assessing the exposure, sensitivity and resilience level and ; (ii) to understand the added value of OA in these projects in Morocco. A quantitative and qualitative analysis was performed on four organic UPA projects selected as case studies, using a semi-structured interview which featured the main perturbations found in literature. Hypothesis and Magnitude coding were used and the “NVivo” software helped to code qualitative data. Results show that : (i) 16 out of the 19 original perturbations are confirmed and five new emerged from the field work ; (ii) projects vulnerability scores range from 2.5 to 4.1 ; (iii) OA can bring added value to UPA projects in terms of marketing opportunities and support through networking, but it can also make projects vulnerable when inputs, technical knowledge and marketing skills are lacking. Finally, recommendations are made for policy makers to encourage UPA projects.

Mots-clés : MOROCCO ; ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ; RESILIENCE ; SUSTAINABILITY ; URBAN AGRICULTURE

Présentation (IAMB Library)

Page publiée le 11 mai 2020