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Politecnico di Milano (2019)

Robit primary school. Architettura necessaria nella culla della civiltà : una scuola elementare inclusiva in Etiopia

ADAMO, DAVIDE

Titre : Robit primary school. Architettura necessaria nella culla della civiltà : una scuola elementare inclusiva in Etiopia

Auteur : ADAMO, DAVIDE

Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2019

Résumé
Ethiopia is a nation of very long course, in which there are more than 80 ethnic groups. In 2018 the first President of the Republic of women was elected ; there is an air of change. it is one of the fastest growing world economies, but corruption and limited freedom of the press are still the cause of protests. Agricultural productivity, limited by the use of traditional methods, is occupied by 85% of the population ; moreover, building speculation, especially in the capital, is skyrocketing. it is therefore necessary to include this change for those who are really happening and how it is possible to achieve a modernity that leads to broad and inclusive cultural growth. The million square kilometers that define Ethiopia consist mainly of plateaus, divided by the Rift Valley. All around plains, steppes, deserts. This orographic variety also confers variety on the climate, mainly tropical monsoon. All these elements make it a country with a high degree of natural risks. Traditional African architecture has roots deep thousands of years ; in Ethiopia vernacular architecture is essentially divided into four protected types. Local materials are still served, but the presence of industrial products is growing and the construction quality remains low. More than 40% of the population is under 15 years old. The education system has developed rapidly since 1991, but the lack of funding and corruption are facing the country a huge challenge to create an inclusive and efficient system. There is a need to improve access to equitable and quality basic education and to improve food security. These premises are servie to integrate how to design your school that includes as many users as possible and using local materials, but not only.

Mots Clés  : Etiopia ; scuola elementare ; auto-costruzione ; terra cruda ; materiali locali ; progettazione inclusiva

Présentation et version intégrale

Page publiée le 8 mai 2020