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Politecnico di Milano (2019)

The Iranian ice houses : revival of lost heritage through project management knowledge


Titre : The Iranian ice houses : revival of lost heritage through project management knowledge


Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2019

This dissertation intends to review and study the history of the ancient Iranian ice houses. Point to their current situation in comparison to similar structures in other countries as aim to achieve a proper management method to preserve them through guidelines of international organizations for the protection of historical heritage. The primary function of ice houses (i.e., Yakhchal in Persian) is producing, collecting and keeping ice in cold seasons. Knowing that most of the Iranian plateau climate is hot and dry, in warm months of the year, these buildings are functioning similarly to domestic refrigerators in keeping significant temperature difference from outdoors. Ice houses have used in Iran till the late 1950s. Since the process of conservation of historical heritages composed as a set of relevant and integrated activities with a beginning and an end, we could consider it a “project.” In many conservation projects, there is a lack of management knowledge, which implies weakness in the determination of proper management structure based on geography and infrastructures of the different countries and regions. Lack of data collection and categorize different documentations into a comprehensive database, make the process of identification much more complicated for managers of this sector in making decisions before any intervention. As guidelines and instructions prepared by ICOMOS, ICCROM and UNESCO in the book called “Management Guidelines for World Cultural Heritage Sites” - published after 1972 World Heritage Convention- the role of management in cultural heritage projects is significant. This study challenges the feasibility of applying project management body of knowledge (i.e., ’PMBOK’) in the conservation of cultural heritages specifically Iranian ice houses, which aims to achieve an integrated and general management structure. Further, by applying HBIM (i.e., Heritage Building Information Modelling) tool on a selected case study (Saeidi ice house), represents the process of modelling and developing a comprehensive database. In the end, it tries to provide an appropriate solution to conservation these abandoned heritages, under the existing rules and regulations, as well as the challenges ahead in following the discussed management model.

Mots Clés  : Iranian ice houses ; Yakhchal ; project management body of knowledge (PMBOK) ; heritage building information modeling (HBIM)


Page publiée le 4 mai 2020