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Uppsala University (2019)

Impact on yield and water productivity of wheat by access to irrigation scheduling technologies in Koga Irrigation Scheme, Ethiopia

Svedberg, Elin

Titre : Impact on yield and water productivity of wheat by access to irrigation scheduling technologies in Koga Irrigation Scheme, Ethiopia

Auteur : Svedberg, Elin

Université de soutenance : Uppsala University

Grade : Master Programme in Environmental and Water Engineering 2019

Résumé
Improving water use efficiency is included in the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. Ethiopia is a developing country struggling with food production as well as water scarcity. This study presents the results of a statistical analysis of changes in water productivity (i.e. yield versus water usage), wheat yield and irrigation amount by implementation of irrigation scheduling in Koga Irrigation Scheme, north-west Ethiopia. Highest water usage (570 mm), lowest water productivity (0.5 kg m-3) and lowest yield (2800 kg ha-1) were obtained for the control group (i.e. traditional irrigation scheduling, based on experience). All groups which implemented some irrigation scheduling displayed higher water productivity than the control group. The highest water productivity and yield was achieved with a soil moisture sensor (Chameleon) technology, with increases of 58 % and 32 % with respect to the control group, respectively. Nitrogen had a positive effect on both yield and water productivity, however, the interaction effects between applied nitrogen and implemented irrigation scheduling were considered insignificant. This study is concluding that implementation of irrigation scheduling should be a successful approach for improving yield as well as water productivity in Koga.

Mots Clés  : Koga, irrigation scheduling, Fullstop Wetting Front Detector, Chameleon, water productivity

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Page publiée le 31 mai 2020