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Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm (KTH) 2017

SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF DECENTRALISED SOLAR PROJECTS : INTRODUCING A MULTI-CRITERIA APPROACH

Mukul Mutatkar, Ninad

Titre : SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF DECENTRALISED SOLAR PROJECTS : INTRODUCING A MULTI-CRITERIA APPROACH

Auteur : Mukul Mutatkar, Ninad

Université de soutenance : Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm (KTH)

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE WITH A MAJOR IN SUSTAINABLE ENERGY ENGINEERING 2017

Résumé partiel
Lack of energy access in developing countries remains a major barrier in the economic development of rural communities. Worldwide, about 1.3 billion people lack access to modern energy services, and there is a need to pursue ways other than grid extension due to the remoteness of most of these communities from national grids. Following the Sustainable Energy For All (SE4ALL) initiative of the United Nations, the role of decentralised solar generation systems has been acknowledged to meet rural energy objectives. The initiative has also resulted in growing participation of private sectors in the rural energy field for boosting project execution and delivery. To evaluate the success of private entrepreneurs operating rural energy projects, the research has proposed a decision support sustainability assessment framework for evaluating performance of operational decentralized rural solar energy projects. A rural electrification project is said to be performing sustainably when it reliably ensures access to its services for productive uses, while engaging and gaining acceptance of the community and which operates within socio-ethical norms maintaining its financial gains as well as maintaining the local environment. Based on this definition and the multi-criteria Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), 15 energy indicators have been proposed to evaluate sustainability performance of existing projects. These indicators are spread over the standard three pillar approach – capturing economic, social, environmental dimensions, along with the contribution of a fourth ethical dimension of sustainability. Multiple stakeholder groups including 16 project planners, evaluators, advisors and investors have been consulted in applying the multi criteria Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Organisations consulted include University of Oslo, Aalto University, Institute for Energy Technology (IFE), Multiconsult AS, Micro-energy International, African Solar Designs (ASD), SunErgy AS,

Mots Clés  : solar energy ; rural energy ; electrification ; sustainability ; indicators ; multi-criteria

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Page publiée le 30 mai 2020